If the contractual conditions are uncertain or incomplete, the parties cannot have reached an agreement in the eyes of the law.  An agreement does not constitute a contract and failure to agree on key issues that may include issues such as price or safety can lead to the failure of the entire contract. However, a court will endeavour, to the extent possible, to permit commercial agreements by interpreting an appropriate design of the contract.  In New South Wales, even if a contract is uncertain or incomplete, the contract may be binding on the parties if there is a sufficiently secure and comprehensive clause requiring the parties to submit to arbitration, negotiation or mediation.  Finally, a modern concern, which has increased in contract law, is the increasing use of a particular type of contract known as « contracts of adhesion » or formal contracts. This type of contract may be beneficial for some parties, since in one case the strong party has imposed the contractual terms of a weaker party. For example, mortgage contracts, rental agreements, online sales or signing agreements, etc. In some cases, the courts view these membership contracts with particular scrutiny because of the possibility of unequal bargaining power, injustice and impitoyability. If the agreement does not meet the legal requirements to be considered a valid contract, the « contractual agreement » is not enforced by law and the injuring party is not obliged to compensate the non-injuring party. In other words, the claimant (non-injuring party) in a contractual dispute suing the injuring party can only receive pre-existing damages if he is able to prove that the alleged contractual agreement did exist and was a valid and enforceable contract. In this case, the waiting injury that attempts to make the non-injuring party a whole is rewarded by the award of the amount of money that the party would have paid if there had been no breach of contract, plus all reasonably foreseeable consequential damages caused by the breach.
However, it is important to note that there is no punitive damages for contractual remedies and that the non-injurious party cannot be awarded more than the expectation (cash value of the contract if it had been fully performed). A concrete performance order and an injunction are discretionary powers, most of which comes from equity. Both are not available by law, and in most jurisdictions and in most cases, a court does not usually order a specific benefit. A contract for the sale of real estate is a notable exception. In most jurisdictions, the sale of real estate is applicable by a given service. Even then, defenses against equity lawsuits (such as Laches, the Bona Fide buyer`s rule, or impure hands) can be an obstacle to a given performance. . . .